Official nameDemocratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Geographic position
: South Asia

Area: 65,610 km2 (25,332 sq mi)

Land use: arable land: 14%, permanent crops: 15.2%; wooded area: 32% ; other: 38.8% 

Coastline: 1,340 km (833 mi)

Population: 20,277,597 (as of 2012)

By population, Sri Lanka is 57th in the world. Male population is 48% and female 52%. Urbanization is 24%. Density of population is 323 /km2Life expectancy is 73 years.

Official languages: Sinhala, Tamil (both official); English 

Ethnic groups: Sinhalese 73,9%; Tamil 12,7%; Sri Lankan Moor 7,1%; Indian Tamil 5,5%; Burgher 0,3%; Malayan 0,3%

Religious affiliation: Buddhist 69,3%; Hindu 15,5%; Muslim 7,5%; Christian (mainly Roman Catholic) 6,9%; other: 0,8%

Natural hazards: occasional hurricanes and tornadoes

Environmental issues: deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by poaching and urbanization; coastal degradation from mining activities and increased pollution; freshwater resources being polluted by industrial wastes and sewage runoff; waste disposal; air pollution in Colombo.