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NATIONAL SYMBOLS

The National Coat of Arms
 

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State heraldic symbols existed as far back as the dawn of the Middle Ages, gradually evolving towards a representative, synthetic coat of arms. 
 

After the 1989 Revolution, Romania needed a representative coat of arms. It has as a central element the golden eagle with cross, which stands for the founding Basarab dynasty, the core around which was formed Wallachia, one of the three Romanian provinces of the Middle Ages (Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania).  
 

The shield on which it is placed is azure, symbolizing the sky. The eagle holds in its talons the insignia of sovereignty: a scepter and a saber that remind of two major rulers: Moldavia’s Stephen the Great and Saint, and Wallachia’s Michael the Brave, the first unifier of the Romanian provinces. 
 

 A quartered escutcheon features the symbols of the Romanian historical provinces, as well as two dolphins. The first quarter shows Wallachia's coat of arms on azure: a golden eagle. The second – Moldavia's traditional coat of arms: a black auroch with a star between its horns. The third quarter features the coat of arms of Banat and Oltenia, a golden bridge with two arched openings (symbolizing Roman emperor Trajan's bridge over the Danube) and a golden lion. The fourth quarter holds the coat of arms of Transylvania: in the upper part, an eagle with golden talons; on the base, there are seven crenellated towers, symbolizing the main towns in Transylvania. Also represented are the lands adjacent to the Black Sea (the historical province of Dobruja): two face-to-face dolphins..


The Flag of Romania

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The flag of Romania is a tricolor: red, yellow and blue. It has not undergone major changes in the course of history. Only the distribution of the colors (proportion and position) changed to a certain extent, being made equal after the Revolution of 1848 when, influenced by the French revolutionary spirit, many states in Europe adopted the standardized three-color banner as their national flag.
 

The flag of Romania has the colors placed vertically as follows: blue (hoist), yellow (in the middle) and red (fly). The blue is cobalt, the yellow – chrome, and the red – vermillion.