map_of_romania5.jpgRomania is located in the geographic centre of Europe. It neighbours to the North on Ukraine, to the East on the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, and the Black Sea, to the South on Bulgaria, to the South-West on Serbia, and to the West on Hungary.

It stretches over 238,391 sq km, which ranks it 13th in Europe.

The administrative organization of Romania features 41 counties, and Bucharest, thecapital city. In the counties, the basic administrative units are the towns and communes (made of several villages). There are 320 cities and towns, of which 103 municipalities, and 2.861 communes with 12.957 villages.

Besides Bucharest, which has a population of nearly 2.1 million, there are 17 cities with over 100 000 inhabitants, 7 of which exceed 300 000.

The majority population – about 90% – is made of Romanians, and the rest of 10% includes Hungarians – 6.6%, Germans, Ukrainians, Roma, Turks, Tartars, Serbs, Slovakians, Bulgarians, etc.

Romania’s relief is very diverse and complex. 31% of the area is covered by mountains (with heights between 800 and 2543 m), 36% by hills and tablelands, and the rest of 33% by plains (under 200 m elevation).

The harmoniously set relief has the Carpathian Mountains as an axis. In the center lies the Palteau of Transylvania, surrounded by the chains of the Carpathians: the Eastern Carpathians, the Southern Carpathians with the highest elevation in Romania being the Moldoveanu Peak, 2543 m, and the Western Carpathians.

An intermediate relief form, the hills and the plateaus are situated inside and outside the Carpathian arch. The Sub-Carpathian hills (the Eastern and Southern Sub-Carpathians with heights of 800-900 m) slope down towards the plains. The largest plain (Baragan or the Romanian Plain), the country’s main agricultural zone, lies in the South, along the Danube.