Official name: Romania


Geographic position: in the south-east of Central Europe.

Borders: Romanian borders stretch on 3.149,9 km. Two thirds (2.064,4 km) are represented by Danube, Prut and Tisa rivers or the sea shore of Black Sea, while one third (1.085,5 km) represents terrestrial border. Romanian territorial waters extendto 12 nautical miles off the Black Sea.

Neighbours: Romania has 5 neighbouring countries: Ukraine (N), the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, and the Black Sea (E), Bulgaria (S), Serbia (SW), and Hungary (W).

Area: Romania has an area of 238.391km2, similar to that of Great Britain, which places Romania ont he 80th place in the world and13th in Europe by size.Romania has an oval shape, stretching over 735 km from west to east and 530 km from north to south.

Distribution of the area: arable area (39.2%), forests (28%),grass lands and meadows (20.5%), vineyards and orchards( 2.3%), buildings, roads and highways (4.5%), waters and ponds (3.7%), other areas (1.8%).  

ca. 21,400,000
By population, Romania is the 43rd country in the world and 9th in Europe. 55% of the population lives in cities and towns and 45% in rural areas. Male population represents 48.7% and female popula51.3% of the total population.  

Official language:
Romanian, the native language for 91% of the population. Ethnic minorities are free to use their own language in schools, administration, judiciary, media and culture. Hungarian is spoken by the largest ethnic minority and German by the German minority (Saxon and Swabian). The main languages​​in circulation in Romania are English, French and German.  

Ethnic structure:
Romanians–89.5%; Hungarians (including Szecklers)–6.5%; other ethnic groups– 4%